Is Indonesia making a mistake to choose China instead of Japan for their new high speed rail project?
到来源：叁泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/45882.html 译者：Joyceliu
It could be a sad mistake if Japanese high speed railway system was chosen.
This is a crucial issue, especially for a developing country with a GDP per capita as low as 3500 USD (AD 2015). China has built 60% of all the existing HSR lines in the whole world and has achieved economy of scale to reduce the cost massively. The cost of producing 10 units is tremendously different from producing 1 unit. China claims that the construction cost of Chinese HSR is only ? to ? compared to other country’s, world bank says it's ?.
The most expensive HSR line in China (Guangzhou-Shenzhen, privatized) costs you 0.71 RMB (0.11 USD) per kilometer, and the cheapest is 0.24 RMB (only 0.036 USD!). But the Shinkansen(Tokyo-Nagoya) in Japan is about 19.67 JPY (0.18 USD). So you can see there may be a difference of 5 times. The distance between Jakarta and Bandung is about 140 km. So do the math, if it were the Japanese case, the ticket fare can be 25.2 USD. This may be too expensive for local people. Remember the GDP per capita is only 3500 USD, so the actual annual income is quite less than 3500 USD. 25 USD may be equivalent to 3 days’ salary of an ordinary Indonesian.